The four 'heroes' of African construction: most popular building nails


Published on:

2024-03-28

Construction nails are important fasteners when building houses. The building nails typically are made from high-quality iron nail wire(Q195/Q235) or steel(#45 steel), which results in good load-bearing capacity and durability. These properties enable the construction nails to firmly link construction materials together.

The four 'heroes' of African construction: most popular building nails


I.What is a nail in construction

II.Popular building nails in Africa types of nails for construction

1.Common iron nails

2.Umbrella head roofing nails

3.IBR nails

4.Steel nails

III.Conclusion


I.What is a nail in construction

►In the construction projects, building nails serve as widely used fasteners, whose main role is to firmly connect various building materials together. People generally use a hammer or a nail gun to drive construction nails into building materials such as wood, metal sheets, concrete, etc. 

What are construction nails made of?The construction nails usually made of iron nail wire(Q195/Q235) or high quality #45 steel.High-quality raw materials of construction nails give the building nail excellent strength and load-bearing capacity, providing a strong, reliable connection when building houses.

The construction nails have smooth(or twisted,spiral)shank,and sharp diamond point with round head.The sharp point of a construction nail allows it to be driven into materials such as wood and metal sheets, without causing damage. A round or flat head enhances the building nail's grip strength and prevents it from being easily blown away by the wind. 

Furthermore, construction nails usually undergo galvanization, which forms a protective zinc layer on the building nail surface, preventing the building nail from rusting outdoors and subsequently causing nail detachment or building collapse. The galvanization process is generally divided into two types: electro-galvanizing and hot-dip galvanizing. The thickness of the zinc layer for electro-galvanizing is 15-20g/㎡, whereas for hot-dipped galvanizing, the thickness is 50-60g/㎡.And galvanized construction nails typically feature a smoother, brighter silver appearance, enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the construction.

Construction nails can be classified into many types based on the shape and purpose, including common nails, U-nails,duplex nails,finishing nails,masonry nails,steel nails,umbrella head roofing nails,clout nails,IBR nails,ring shank nails and coil nails,etc. However, in Africa, the building nails most frequently used by builders are common nails,roofing nails with umbrella head,IBR nails and concrete nails.Do you know why?


II.Popular building nails in Africa types of nails for construction

1.Common iron nails

►iron wire nail specifications

The common iron wire nails are most widely used construction nails in the world.The common iron wire nails made of iron nail wire(Q195/Q235),and usually be polished or galvanized.The wood nails have smooth shank,sharp diamond point and flat/round or checkered head.

The common wire nail sizes:length range from 1/2” to 10 inch.wire diameter range from BWG4 to BWG20.

What are wire nails used for?

The round head and smooth shank design of iron wire nails allow for their widely use. Smaller size common wire nails can be used for furniture repairs or DIY craft creations. Furthermore, as wire nails are made from high-quality iron nail wire(Q195/Q235), the iron wire nails come with excellent strength and load-bearing capacity. Therefore, larger size nails are often used in substantial construction projects, such as building houses. Wire nails typically go through a galvanization process, bestowing the common nails with anti-rust and durable properties, making the construction wire nails suitable for outdoor use.

2.Umbrella head roofing nails

►roofing nail with umbrella head specifications

In the hot regions of Africa, people often construct shades to fend off the sun, and therefore roofing nails(specially umbrella head roofing nails) are very popular in Africa. 

Umbrella head roofing nails are fasteners specially designed with a nail head resembling an umbrella. These umbrella head roofing nails are typically used for affixing roofing materials. Umbrella head roofing nails come in three types: smooth shank, twisted shank, and spiral shank. On one hand, the large umbrella-like head provides a larger contact area, offering better grip strength, which allows the umbrella head roofing nail to be more easily hammered into materials such as metal plates. On the other hand, the umbrella head ensures that the umbrella head roofing nail is securely fixed on the roof, making it less prone to being blown away by the wind. 

The umbrella head roofing nails sizes:length range from 1 1/2” to 3 1/2 inch.wire diameter range from BWG7 to BWG13.

In the African region, smooth shank umbrella head roofing nails are widely used, and the most commonly used size is BWG9*2.5"=3.75mm*2.5”(8D).

What are umbrella head roofing nails used for?

The primary use of umbrella head roofing nails is to secure materials like tiles, metal plates, and felts onto roofs. Africa is situated in a tropical region with significant climate variations, the zinc-galvanized umbrella head roofing nails are not easily loosened by wind, and the umbrella head roofing nails are also resistant to rust. Therefore, the umbrella head roofing  are well-suited for outdoor fixation of roofing materials.

3.IBR nails

►IBR nails specifications

IBR roofing nails also called assembled roofing nails,are specialized fasteners used in roofing construction. These roofing nails consist of two main components: a metal nail and a rubber washer. The metal nail serves as the primary means of securing roofing materials in place, while the rubber washer acts as a protective barrier between the nail and the roofing material.
The metal roofing nail serves as the primary fastening element, providing strength and stability to hold the roofing material in place.

The roofing nail is typically made of low carbon steel nail wire(or galvanized) to harsh weather conditions and prevent rust or corrosion over time.The IBR roofing nails usually have rubber washer,which not only protects the roof from wear but also enhances the water resistance of the IBR roofing nail, preventing water from seeping in. These IBR roofing nails generally have large heads, smooth or spiral shanks, which provide a stronger grip, making the IBR roofing nails easier to drive them in roofing materials and less likely to loosen.

The IBR roofing nails sizes:length-75mm,90mm,100mm,120mm.wire diameter range from 3.5mm to 5.0mm.

What are IBR roofing nails used for?

IBR (Inverted Box Rib) roofing nails used for securing IBR roof sheets,a popular choice for commercial and residential roofs in Africa.

The IBR roofing nails usually be galvanized. The anti-rust properties make the IBR roofing nails a preferred choice for outdoor applications, as the IBR roofing nails can withstand Africa's diverse weather conditions without significant eroding or loosening. Furthermore, the IBR roofing nails help prevent water leakage, making them ideal for both flat and sloped roofing structures.

4.Steel nails

►steel nails specifications

Steel nails are made from high carbon steel(#45 steel) and typically feature a square head,diamond point(needle point) and a smooth shank(or fluted shank,spiral shank). These concrete nails are inherently strong, resistant to bending and deformation, and can support heavy materials, making them well-suited for large-scale construction projects. Furthermore, steel nails undergo galvanization for superior rust and corrosion resistance, ensuring their durability even with outdoor use. 

The steel nails sizes:length range from 1 inch to 4 inch.

What are steel nails used for?

Steel nails are a type of construction nail widely used in materials such as concrete. Due to the high strength, load-bearing capacity, and durability, steel nails are often used for fences, roofs, and house construction.


III.Conclusion

Construction nails have good load-bearing capacity and durability, so they are suitable fasteners in the construction projects. Common iron wire nails are used in large quantities and are cheap. In the African region, due to the hot climate, umbrella head roofing nails and IBR roofing nails used to fix roofs and sunshades are also very popular. Steel nails can be nailed into solid materials such as concrete and provide a stronger load-bearing capacity, and their usage scenarios are also very extensive.

Do you know where to buy cheap and good quality building nails?   SUNSHINE Group  is a factory direct sale, with a large production volume, and there are discounts for wholesale. Contact us to get your high-quality construction nails at the most preferential price while ensuring quality.

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