Which is the best high quality raw material for iron wire nails making?


Published on:

2023-11-28

The production of iron nails involves critical considerations regarding the choice of wire material, primarily low carbon steel wire. This selection ensures the creation of nails suitable for general household, carpentry, and light construction purposes due to their malleability and ease of shaping. The significance of wire diameter aligned with the rod diameter cannot be understated. This synchronization directly influences the size, strength, and overall quality of the nails produced. Ultimately, the quality, durability, and application versatility of iron nails hinge on the careful selection of raw materials.

Which is the best high quality raw material for iron wire nails making?


I. Introduction
     Brief overview of raw material for iron wire nails making and products  

II. Raw Materials Used in Low Carbon Steel Wire Nail Manufacturing
       1. Are wire nails made of iron?

     2.Properties of Iron Nail Wire

     3. Manufacturing process of nail wires

III. Factors Influencing Raw Material Selection
        
         1. Influence of nail type on raw material choice 

      2. Different wire gauges for various nail sizes

 IV. Importance of Raw Materials in Nail Quality

 V. Conclusion


I. Introduction
Brief overview of raw material for iron wire nails making and products         

What is the material used for making wire nail?

Additionally known as Mild Steel (MS) drawn wire, black iron wire, or cold-drawn wire, this type of wire is processed using a wire drawing machine.

The raw material for making iron wire nails primarily involves low carbon steel wire. This wire is typically crafted from high-quality wire rods or coils, ensuring durability and strength in the final nail product. The steel used can vary in composition, including low carbon steel ,high carbon steel wire or stainless steel, based on the desired nail characteristics like strength, corrosion resistance, and application suitability. This raw material undergoes a series of processes, including drawing, annealing (heat treatment), and coating (if necessary), to attain the required wire properties before being fed into nail-making machinery.

The products of the raw material(iron nails wire) for iron wire nails making include:common nails,galvanized common nails,umbrella roofing nails,duplex head nails,finishing nails,u-type nails,coil nails,flooring nails,square boat nails,ring shank nails,pallet nails,staples,etc.


II. Raw Materials Used in Low Carbon Steel Wire Nail Manufacturing
1. Are wire nails made of iron?

Yes,the construction iron wire nails made of low carbon steel wire.

Follwing is the specification of low carbon steel nail wire:

Nail wire/Hard drawn wire Brand: SUNSHINE

Use:

To be used produce common nails etc
Material: wire rod Q195 Q235
Tensile Strength: 500-980N/mm2
Wire Guage: BWG 20 to BWG 4
Surface Treatment: Bright,Black hard drawn
Coil weight: 25kgs,50kgs,100kgs,200kgs in normal 400-800kgs coil
Packing: Wrapped with PE film inside

Nail Wire Size Diameter

Wire Gauge Size

SWG(mm)

BWG(mm)

6

4.87

5.15

7

4.47

4.57

8

4.06

4.19

9

3.66

3.76

10

3.25

3.40

11

2.95

3.05

12

2.64

2.77

13

2.34

2.41

14

2.03

2.11

15

1.83

1.83

16

1.63

1.65

17

1.42

1.47

18

1.22

1.25

19

1.02

1.07

20

0.91

0.89

21

0.81

0.813

22

0.71

0.711

23

0.61

0.635

24

0.56

0.559

25

0.51

0.508

26

0.46

0.457

       

2.Properties of Iron Nail Wire         

Iron nail wire, commonly known as low carbon steel wire for iron wire nails making, possesses several key properties essential for nail manufacturing:

1. **Strength:** Low carbon steel nail wire is inherently robust, providing the necessary strength for nail production.
2. **Durability:** It exhibits excellent durability, ensuring the resulting nails withstand various applications.
3. **Malleability:** Mild steel nail wire can be shaped and formed easily during the nail-making process.
4. **Corrosion Resistance:** It can offer resistance to rust and corrosion, enhancing nail longevity.
5. **Versatility:** Low carbon steel wire's versatility allows for the creation of nails suited for different purposes and environments.

These properties collectively make iron nail wire/low carbon steel wire an ideal raw material for crafting durable and reliable nails.

3. Manufacturing process of nail wires

The manufacturing process of iron nail wires involves several steps:

1.Raw Material Selection: High-quality low carbon steel wire rods are chosen as the primary raw material for nail production. These rods typically consist of low carbon steel with specific alloying elements to achieve desired properties such as strength and durability.

2.Wire Drawing: The selected wire rods are drawn through a series of dies to reduce their diameter to the required size for nail production. This process involves passing the rods through successive dies to gradually decrease the diameter while elongating the material into a long, thin wire.

3.Annealing: The drawn wire is subjected to an annealing process, which involves heating the wire to a specific temperature and then allowing it to cool slowly. Annealing helps relieve internal stresses in the wire and improves its ductility, making it easier to work with during subsequent manufacturing stages.

What is the process of wire nail manufacturing?

Surely, you're aware that nail wire serves as the raw material for crafting nails. Let me delve into the process of manufacturing iron wire nails for a clearer understanding.

4.Nail Forming: The annealed wire is then fed into nail-making machines that cut the wire into appropriate lengths and form them into nail shapes. These machines typically have various stations for cutting, shaping, and heading the nails to create the desired nail types and sizes.

5.Surface Treatment: After forming, nails may undergo surface treatments such as coating or plating to enhance their corrosion resistance and appearance. Common surface treatments include galvanization (coating with zinc), electroplating with other metals like nickel or chromium, or applying various coatings to provide protection against rust and other environmental factors.

 

What factors influence your decision when choosing among various types of nail wire? And I'm going to clarify the factors for you.


III. Factors Influencing Raw Material Selection
        
1. Influence of nail type on raw material choice 

Low carbon steel nail wire is commonly used for crafting everyday iron nails. It's chosen for its malleability and ease of shaping. These nails are often used for general household purposes, in carpentry, or for light construction.

On the other hand, high carbon steel nail wire is employed in manufacturing steel nails. This material offers increased strength and hardness compared to low carbon steel. Steel nails, due to their high carbon content, are more resilient and suited for heavy-duty applications, construction in harsher environments, or projects requiring greater strength and durability.

The distinction in raw materials enables SUNSHINE to produce nails tailored to specific needs, ensuring that the nails perform optimally in their intended applications.

2. Different wire gauges for various nail sizes

How thick are the wire nails? The common shank diameter of various nails is BWG4 to BWG20. Therefore,when creating nails, the nail wire diameter chosen should correspond to the desired rod diameter for the specific nail type being produced. The rod diameter influences the overall thickness and robustness of the nail. Consequently, selecting an appropriate wire diameter ensures that the resulting nails meet the required specifications in terms of size, strength, and intended application.

SUNSHINE can customize suitable nail wire diameter products for you according to customers' needs.


IV. Importance of Raw Materials in Nail Quality

Raw materials play a pivotal role in determining the quality of nails. Here's why they're crucial:

1.Strength and Durability: The type of nails wire used as raw material directly affects the strength and durability of the nails. High-quality steel, especially high carbon steel for steel nails, offers enhanced strength and resilience, ensuring the nails can withstand greater force and wear without bending or breaking.

2.Corrosion Resistance: Different nails wire compositions influence a nail's resistance to corrosion. Using materials like high quality nails wire as raw materials helps prevent rust and corrosion, extending the lifespan of the nails, especially in outdoor or humid environments.

3.Ease of Manufacturing: The properties of the raw material, such as malleability and ductility, impact the ease with which nails can be formed and shaped during the manufacturing process. This affects the efficiency of production and the ability to create nails of consistent quality.

4.Application Suitability: Matching the right raw material to the intended application ensures that the nails meet specific requirements. For instance, using high carbon steel for heavy-duty applications or low carbon steel for general household use ensures that the nails perform optimally in their respective contexts.

5.Consistency and Quality Control: Using standardized and high-quality raw materials allows for better consistency in nail production. It simplifies quality control measures, ensuring that the manufactured nails consistently meet industry standards and customer expectations.


V. Conclusion

Low carbon steel wire is favored for crafting everyday iron nails, offering malleability and ease of shaping, ideal for general household or light construction purposes.The quality of the raw materials directly influences nail strength, durability, corrosion resistance, and ease of manufacturing. Selecting the appropriate wire diameter corresponding to the desired rod diameter is critical. This choice ensures that the nails meet specific size, strength, and application needs.

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